Sociale determinationsfaktorer


Infosphere and Reality  
Floridi, Luciano 2016: The Fourth Revolution: How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality. 
... Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities. ... ...

Conversation between Bill Uzgalis and Luciano Floridi 2002. ... pdf

The book is based on a coherent positivistic methodology ... Actor Network Analysis and some other non-positivist approaches may prove quite fruitful for further investigations. ... 
... third-order technology gets rid of the human and consists of technology that sits between one provider-technology and another user-technology ... ... 


The Cybertariat 
Labor in the Global Digital Economy: The Cybertariat Comes of Age
Ursula Huws 2014: 
... Ursula Huws examines the way that advanced communications technology has opened up new fields of capital accumulation: in culture and ... and social networking.

Culture and the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The Urgency of Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution with Responsive and Responsible Leadership.

... the Fourth Industrial Revolution can compromise humanity’s traditional sources of meaning – work, community, family, and identity – or it can lift humanity into a new collective and moral consciousness based on a sense of shared destiny. Which outcome emerges is up to us.

Schwab, Klaus 2018: Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution ... 

Schwab, Klaus   
Founder of the World Economic Forum ... 


DeepMind Ethics & Society (DMES),
2017, Google’s DeepMind established its Ethics and Society Unit to scrutinise the societal impact of their technologies. ... 

DeepMind's new AI ethics unit
... research based on six areas: privacy transparency and fairness; economic impacts; governance and accountability; managing AI risk; AI morality and values; and how AI can address the world’s challenges. 
While little is known about the ruminations of DeepMind’s internal ethics and safety board, DMES is intended to be open and transparent. ... 

Henrich, Joseph. 2016. The Secret of Our Success: How Culture is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter.
Princeton University Press ..

The Journal of Economic Perspectives ...

Interpretation of Culture
Geertz, Clifford (1973) The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.

Geertz, Clifford ...

Thick description 
A thick description of a human behavior is one that explains not just the behavior, but its context as well. ...

Archer, M., 1996. Culture and agency: The place of culture in social theory. Cambridge University
Press, Cambridge.


New Historicism 
... But whereas Marxism (at least in its more orthodox forms) tends to see literature as part of a 'superstructure' in which the economic 'base' (i.e. material relations of production) manifests itself, New Historicist thinkers tend to take a more nuanced view of power, seeing it not exclusively as class-related but extending throughout society. This view derives primarily from Michel Foucault ...


Cultural Memories 
The Geographical Point of View
Peter Meusburger · Michael Heffernan · Edgar Wunder Editors.
Springer 2011.

Rainer Eckert
Abstract In this chapter World War II in Western Europe is seen as a formative part of the construct of Europe. ... pdf


Governing by design: Architecture, economy, and politics in the twentieth century. Aggregate (Group). 
University of Pittsburgh Press 2012.

Summary: "Governing by Design offers a unique perspective on twentieth-century architectural history. It disputes the primacy placed on individuals in the design and planning process and instead looks to the larger influences of politics, culture, economics, and globalization to uncover the roots of how our built environment evolves. ... Overall, Aggregate views the intersection of architecture with the human need for what Foucault termed "governmentality"-- societal rules, structures, repetition, and protocols--as a way to provide security and tame risk. ... ...

Culture and AI

Cultural attitudes that stand in the way of AI. 

It's Time to Stop Calling It 'Artificial' Intelligence
The fatal flaw in AI isn't the technology or its intelligence, it's something far more difficult to change.
By Thomas Koulopoulos. Founder, Delphi Group@tkspeaks 
... cultural attitudes, perhaps even arrogance, that stand in the way of AI.
Case: The autopilot on an Airbus 330, the story of AF 447 ... 

The Most Valuable Commodity Of The 21st Century  
Koulopoulos, Thomas: Revealing The Invisible: How Our Hidden Behaviors Are Becoming The Most Valuable Commodity Of The 21st Century 
Hyper-personalization and outcome-driven products 
... Concepts such as brand loyalty will be turned on their heads as companies now have to find ways to prove their loyalty to each individual consumer. In addition, the emergence of hyper-personalization and outcome-driven products may begin to solve some of the most pressing and protracted problems of our time.
How to predict consumer behavior 
Revealing the Invisible shows businesses how to predict consumer behavior based on customers’ prior tendencies, allowing a company to make better decisions regarding growth, products, and implementation. ... 


How Education Can Impact the Well-Being of a Nation
An interview with Heiner Rindermann, author of 'Cognitive Capitalism'

Why is human capital important to national well-being?
Cognitive human capital has a positive impact on innovation, production, institutional efficiency, and norm-obeying behavior. Therefore, economic growth, productivity, income, wealth, and well-being are increased. ... 
Cambridge University Press 2018 ... 
Appendix ... pdf ... 


Latour, B. (2014). Agency at the time of the anthropocene. New Literary History, 45 (1), 1–18. 


Bauman, Z. (2002). Fællesskab. København: Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Bauman, Z. (2006). Flydende Modernitet. København: Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Beck, U. & Beck-Gernsheim, E. (1995). Individualization in Modern Societies – Perspectives and Controversies of a Subject-Oriented Sociology” i P. Heelas (ed.) Detraditionalization. Oxford: Blackwell. Oxford: Blackwell.

Beck, Ulrich & Giddens, Anthony & Lash Scott (1994) Reflexive Modernization.Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Barbara Adam,  Ulrich Beck,‎ Joost Van Loon 2000: The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory. SAGE Publications Ltd; 1 edition (27 July 2000).

Cheney-Lippold, John 2017: We are data: Algorithms and the making of our digital selves. New York University Press. 
... Derived from our every search, like, click, and purchase, algorithms determine the news we get, the ads we see, the information accessible to us and even who our friends are. ... Algorithms create and recreate us, using our data to assign and reassign our gender, race, sexuality, and citizenship status.

Sennett, R. (1998), The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism, New York: Norton. 

Thompson, E. P. (1967), ‘Time, Work-Discipline and Industrial Capitalism’, Past and
Present, 38(1): 58–97.

Rifkin, Jeremy 2010: The Empathic Civilization: The Race to Global Consciousness in a World in Crisis. Polity Press. 

In this sweeping new interpretation of the history of civilization, bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin looks at the evolution of empathy and the profound ways that it has shaped our development–and is likely to determine our fate as a species.
Today we face unparalleled challenges in an energy–intensive and interconnected world that will demand an unprecedented level of mutual understanding among diverse peoples and nations. Do we have the capacity and collective will to come together in a way that will enable us to cope with the great challenges of our time?

In this remarkable book Jeremy Rifkin tells the dramatic story of the extension of human empathy from the rise of the first great theological civilizations, to the ideological age that dominated the 18th and 19th centuries, the psychological era that characterized much of the 20th century and the emerging dramaturgical period of the 21st century. The result is a new social tapestry–The Empathic Civilization–woven from a wide range of fields.

Rifkin argues that at the very core of the human story is the paradoxical relationship between empathy and entropy. At various times in history new energy regimes have converged with new communication revolutions, creating ever more complex societies that heightened empathic sensitivity and expanded human consciousness. But these increasingly complicated milieus require extensive energy use and speed us toward resource depletion.

The irony is that our growing empathic awareness has been made possible by an ever–greater consumption of the Earth′s resources, resulting in a dramatic deterioration of the health of the planet. If we are to avert a catastrophic destruction of the Earth′s ecosystems, the collapse of the global economy and the possible extinction of the human race, we will need to change human consciousness itself–and in less than a generation.

Rifkin challenges us to address what may be the most important question facing humanity today: Can we achieve global empathy in time to avoid the collapse of civilization and save the planet? ...

Woodman, D. & Wyn, J. (2015). Class, gender and generation matter: using the concept of social generation to study inequality and social change. Journal of Youth Studies, 18(10), 1402-1410.


Roman Batko (Editor), Anna Szopa (Editor) 2016: Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence
(Advances in Computational Intelligence and Robotics).

Table of contents  
Chapter 1: Panopticon ...                                                                         1
Chapter 2: Crowdsourcing ...                                                                 15
Chapter 3: AI ...                                                                                     29
Chapter 4: Critical thinking ... learning ...                                             50
Chapter 5: Living Labs in Canada ...                                                     81
Chapter 6: Organizations in the future, McKinsey`s 7S model ... ...   101
Chapter 7: Marketers competensies
Chapter 8: Algoritm as demiurge: A complex myth of new media ... 146
Chapter 9: Decision making models ...
Chapter 10: Aggregators news sources, Poland ...                               205 
Chapter 11: Market research, Poland ...                                               223
References ...                                                                                        248 ...

The use of machines has changed the workplaces of today. While machinery is still not able to perform certain jobs that require creative or non-routine functions, their continuous advancements have shifted the dynamic between organizations and manual laborers. Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence focuses on contemporary organizations and their use of new competencies. Featuring coverage on new skill identification and best practices for management. ...

7S Framework

Organizations in the future, McKinsey`s 7S model 

McKinsey 7S Framework 
The 7 Ss are structure, strategy, systems, skills, style, staff and shared values.

Interrelated factors, seven elements  
Soft elements: Skills, staff, style and shared goals. 
Hard elements: Structure, strategy and system.

Her Batco and Szopa: Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Robotics. ...

Structure is not organization
Robert H. Waterman Jr., Thomas J. Peters, Julien R. Phillips. 1980.
The authors want to offer special acknowledgement and thanks to Anthony G. Athos of Harvard University,

McKinsey`s 7S model 
To facilitate organizational change.
To help implement new strategy.
To identify how each area may change in a future.
To facilitate the merger of organizations. ...

Zygmunt Bauman

Jerzy Kociatkiewicz, Monika Kostera eds. 2014: Liquid organization: Zygmunt Bauman and organization theory. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 

Summary: "Widely known as a leading intellectual, Zygmunt Bauman's thinking is often categorized as sociology or philosophy. But his work has been hugely influential in other fields as well, not least within organization studies. From increasing management control and growing standardization of work activities, to the increase in uncertainty and insecurity experienced by contemporary workers, organizations themselves are becoming ever more ephemeral entities.

Bauman's themes: globalization, liquid modernity and postmodern ethics are arguably fundamental to contemporary notions of organization and management and his thinking has never been more relevant. However, despite the obvious and continuing influence of Bauman's ideas on business studies, there has been no comprehensive attempt to chart his impact on organization theory. In this innovative and insightful collection, an international selection of leading management scholars explore key topics in current organizational discourse, including networked organizations, control and ambiguity, technologies, work and responsibility, extending Bauman's liquid modernity to the "liquid organization". The book will be essential reading for scholars and academics and students in management and organizational theory, and also sociology, managing culture and organizational ethnography". ...


Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies

"The message matters," said David Rejeski, director of the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies. "How information about nanotechnology is presented to the vast majority of the public who still know little about it can either make or break this technology. ... research shows that diverse ... groups react to the same information very differently. ...

How is public opinion towards nanotechnology likely to evolve? ...

European activities in the field of ethical, legal and social aspects (ELSA) and governance of nanotechnology. 2008.
Communications from the Commission: Towards a European strategy for
nanotechnology (COM(2004)338), Nanosciences and nanotechnologies: An action plan for Europe 2005-2009 (COM(2005)243) and Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies: An action plan for Europe
2005-2009. First Implementation Report 2005-2007 (COM(2007)505) 2
See the Commission Recommendation of 07/02/2008 on a code of conduct for responsible nanosciences and nanotechnologies research (C(2008)424) ... pdf

New CPSC Nanotechnology Center Would Focus on Risks to Consumers
The Consumer Product Safety Commission has requested $7 million in funding for a new center focused on nanotechnology in consumer products.

The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies was established in 2005 ... The Project was intended to address the social, political, and public safety aspects of nanotechnology. ...

International Technorivalry

The Nanotechnology Revolution
Unbounding the Future: the Nanotechnology Revolution. Eric Drexler and Chris Peterson, with Gayle Pergamit William Morrow and Company, Inc. New York 1991. ... pdf

USA culture and technological development
Burnham, John C. How Superstition Won and Science Lost.New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers, 1987.
Tells the story of scientists' declining effort to reaching out to the public, and the resulting erosion of public understanding (which ultimately leads to flawed public policy). ... pdf

Scenario 2: Chicken Little Rules the Roost
Special interest groups in industry see molecular manufacturing as a threat to their business and join the lobbying efforts to prevent it from happening. Unions, neglecting the prospect of greater wealth and leisure for their members, focus instead on possible disruptions in established jobs. They, too, oppose the development of the new technology. As a result, we hear not about how nanotechnology could be used in health care, environmental cleanup, and the manufacture of improved products, but about the insidious threat of tiny, uncontrollable military monster machines that will smash our industry. ... 

Nanotechnology - Links & Resources ..


Case: Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research: The Great Moral Divide / Christopher Thomas Scott. 
Presentation By: Shane Kurtz. Warren DeRevere ...
Two distinct groups :
-those who believe that embryos deserve protection.
-those who believe it is ok to use human embryos.
Stem Cell Research: Science and the Future 
Thomas Scott is the head of Stanford University's Program on Stem Cells and Society. ... 


Michel Foucault: Discourse
Foucault adopted the term ‘discourse’ to denote a historically contingent social system that produces knowledge and meaning. He notes that discourse is distinctly material in effect, producing what he calls ‘practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak ... ... 

Nye, David Edwin 1994: American technological sublime.
MIT Press.
... the formation of Americans' sense of selfhood ...


Taplin, Jonathan: Move fast and break things: how Facebook, Google and Amazon have cornered culture and what it means for all of us. 

Review ... 

Culture and Economy

The Cultural Turn 
Larry Ray, Andrew Sayer 1999: Culture and Economy After the Cultural Turn. Sage. 
... It presents a number of responses to the changing relationship between culture and economy, ...

Wright: "I do not think that the problem of harms can be reduced to a problem of culturally determined perceptions. For a penetrating discussion of a realist view of suffering and flourishing, see Andrew Sayer, The Moral Significance of Class". (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005). 
Wright: Envisioning real utopias. Draft 2009 in PDF.
Wright, Erik Olin 2010: Envisioning real utopias. Verso. 
Wright: Envisioning real utopias. Draft 2009 in PDF.

Leonhard, Gerd 2016: Technology vs. humanity: the coming clash between man and machine. FutureScapes.